Famous For its Natural Beauty – Finland


Finland bridge Finland is a Nordic country situated in the northern Europe region. The country is bordered by Russia to the east, Estonia to the south, Sweden to the west and Norway to the north. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, Finland can be subdivided into three eco-regions: Russian and Scandinavian taiga, Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands and the Sarmatic mixed forests.
Taiga covers the bigger part of Finland. The north of Lapland, northern regions, southern provinces, south western coast and south of the Helsinki-Rauma line are characterized by mixed forests. The image below shows the mixed forest in Lapland.
Finland Lapland
The country is home to a diverse range of fauna, with around 250 bird species and approximately seventy fish species. The Whooper Swan is the national bird of Finland and has a deep honking call. Despite their size, they are powerful fliers. This bird is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.
Finland is also home to the brown bear and grey wolf. Brown bears seldom attack humans on sight, and usually avoid people. There are approximately 250,000 brown bears left in the world. The largest populations of brown bears are in Russia with 182,990. In Finland there are around 1,600 brown bears. The gray wolf is one of the world’s most well researched animals and has a long history of association with humans, having been despised and hunted in most agricultural communities due to its attacks on livestock. Its winter fur is long and bushy, and predominantly a mottled gray in color, although nearly pure white, red, or brown to black also occur.
The endangered Saimaa Ringed Seal, one of just three lake seal species in the world, exists only in the Saimaa lake-system of south-eastern Finland, with the numbers down to 300 seals today.
Ringed sealSaimaa Ringed Seal has become the emblem of the Finnish Association for Nature Conservation.
Celebrations in Finland
The nineteen regions of Finland are called maakunta and it represents dialectal and cultural differences. Finns spend most holidays at home with family.
vappu crowd
An exception is Vappu on May 1st, as large numbers of people fill the streets. Vappu is a spring festival that coincides with May Day and has become a giant celebration for students, who wear colorful signature overalls while roaming the streets. Important holidays and celebrations include:
• Uudenvuodenpäivä – New Year’s Day celebrated on the 1st of January.
• Loppiainen – Epiphany January 6th.
• Pääsiäinen – Easter – variable dates, Good Friday and Easter Monday are public holidays
• Juhannus – Midsummer Festival – Saturday between June 20 and June 26 – held to celebrate the summer solstice, with plenty of bonfires, drinking and general merrymaking.
• Itsenäisyyspäivä – Independence Day – celebrated on December 6th – a celebration of Finland’s independence from Russia.
• Pikkujoulu -Little Christmas – people go pub crawling with their workmates throughout December. Not an official holiday, just a Viking-strength version of an office Christmas party.
• Joulu – Christmas is celebrated from 24th to 26th December. Joulupukki comes on Christmas Eve on December 24th, ham is eaten and everyone goes to sauna.
• Uudenvuodenaatto – New Year’s Eve – 31st of December is celebrated with the most amazing fireworks.
Finnish Cuisine
Finnish FoodThe main staples in Finland are potatoes, bread and fish. Milk or cream is traditionally considered an important part of the diet. Popular dishes in Finland include:
• Karjalanpaisti: a stew usually made from beef and pork, carrots and onions, typically served with potatoes.
• Maksalaatikko: a dish prepared with chopped liver, rice and raisins cooked in an oven.
• Lenkkimakkara: a large sausage topped with a dab of sweet sinappi (Finnish mustard).
• Lihapullat, lihapyörykät: tasty meat balls.
• Pyttipannu: a hearty dish made of potatoes, onions and any meaty leftovers on hand, fried up in a pan and topped with an egg.
• Makkara: a traditional Finnish sausage.
Bread is served with every meal in Finland. Rye bread is the most popular bread in Finland. Other breads in Finland include Hapankorppu (dry, crispy and slightly sour flatbread); limppu (big loaves of fresh bread); näkkileipä (dark, dried, crispy rye flatbread); ruisleipä (much darker rye bread) and rieska (bread made from wheat or potatoes).

Breathtaking Scenery and Popular Tourist Attractions in Finland
Kemi Snow Castle is the biggest snow castle in the world and built yearly in Kemi, Finland, since 1996.

Finland snow castleThe area covered by the castle has varied from 13,000 to over 20,000 square meters. The highest towers have been over 20 meters high and longest walls over 1,000 meters long, and the castle has had up to three stories. The Snow Restaurant has ice tables and seats covered with reindeer fur, as well as ice sculptures.
Suomenlinna, until 1918 Viapori, or Sveaborg, is an inhabited sea fortress built on six islands (Kustaanmiekka, Susisaari, Iso-Mustasaari, Pikku-Mustasaari, Länsi-Mustasaari and Långören) and which now forms part of the city of Helsinki. Suomenlinna has something for everyone – a submarine, cannons, walls, tunnels, museums, cafés, restaurants and even a brewery! Address: Suomenlinna C74, 00190 Helsinki, Finland. Phone: +358 29 5338300.

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The Helsinki Cathedral was designed by Carl Ludwig Engel and for many a symbol of the city. The cathedral was completed in 1852 and can be visited at Unioninkatu 29, FI-00121 Helsinki. Phone: +358 (0)9 2340 6120.
Korkeasaari (Helsinki Zoo) is one of the oldest zoos in the world, founded in 1889. You can view animals from the arctic tundra to the tropical rainforest. The zoo is located at Mustikkamaanpolku 12, 00099 Helsingin kaupunki. Phone: +358 (0)9 3103 7900.

International rates to Finland start at 4 cents per minute.

According to the visitor center, the Suomenlinna is closed on 1 January, Good Friday, 1 May, and 6 December, 24 and 25 December. Please feel free to contact the center for more information at + 358 (0) 29 5338 410. The Visitor Centre is located in the pink Jetty Barracks next to the Helsinki City Transport ferry quay. The ferry operates throughout the year.
Porvoo is a scenic small town 50 kilometers east of Helsinki, Finland. It is one of the most popular day trips from Helsinki and offers a picturesque city center of wooden houses is a proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the old part of Porvoo there are lots of lovely little shops where you can buy anything from dollhouses to handmade jewelry. Many are, however, open only in the summer.
While in Porvoo, pay a visit to Brunberg, Välikatu 4 (phone: +358-19-5484235). Brunberg is Finland’s most famous confectioners and is best known for their Pusu (“Kisses”), or giant puffs of flavored whipped cream encased in a thin chocolate shell.
BrunbergBrunberg’s lakritsi (liquorices) is another local favorite, and don’t miss the chocolate truffles either. Most products are actually made at a factory on the outskirts of town, Teollisuustie 19 B, but their always-crowded Old Town shop is considerably more convenient.
Hämeenlinna is situated 100 kilometers north from Helsinki with the motorway 3 E12. As Hämeenlinna is situated at the most important railway of Western Finland, it is well connected with Helsinki and Tampere as well as cities further north, such as Vaasa, Oulu and Rovaniemi. Hämeenlinna is home to the Häme Castle which now serves as a museum. There are also couple of other museums, such as the prison museum, next to the castle. Between the castle and city centre there is a large park area Linnanpuisto, where the annual Wanaja Festival is held at summer.
Home of Santa Claus
Finland is famous for its natural beauty and offers some of the most beautiful sights. Although the size is quite small, Finland is home to almost 200,000 lakes. In addition to the many lakes, Finland also has a variety of other attractions such as the Korvatunturi. For most Europeans, this area is believed to be the home of Santa Claus.

Alex Sherrod works for 011Now – International calls for less.


2 Responses to “Famous For its Natural Beauty – Finland”

  1. biligt Ishockey Toppar på rad Says:

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  2. Manuel Says:

    This is my first time pay a visit at here and i am actually impressed to read everthing at alone place.

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